Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO) was founded in Washington, DC in 1949.
The original purpose of the Alliance was for the guaranteed protection of
Europe, by the American military, against the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, the
main threat to the security of Europe is gone, but many other threats still
Today NATO is comprised of 28 member states, all
of which are still united for the common security of each member. In 1999, NATO’s Strategic
Concept recognized the need for missile defense to counter nuclear, biological,
and chemical threats.
it was agreed that a new NATO Missile Defense Feasibility Study
would explore opportunities to examine options for protecting its territory,
forces and population against the wide scope of emerging threats. From this came
the NATO Active Layered Ballistic Missile Defense (ALTBMD) for the protection
of deployed forces, program to be launched in 2005.
Summit in 2008
, member states concluded that missile defense proliferation
is an increasing threat and missile defenses are an important part of an
The Alliance also considered the technical
details and political and military implications of the proposed US missile
defense system in Europe. Allied leaders recognized that the planned deployment
of European-based US missile defense assets would help protect Allies, and
agreed that this capability should be an integral part of any future NATO-wide
missile defense architecture.
is the key policy document providing the framework for NATO’s
activities in the area of ballistic missile defense is NATO’s
2010 Strategic Concept.
The Strategic Concept
recognizes, inter alia, that “the proliferation of nuclear weapons and other
weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, threatens incalculable
consequences for global stability and prosperity. During the next decade,
proliferation will be most acute in some of the world’s most volatile regions.”
Therefore, NATO will “develop the capability to defend our populations and
territories against ballistic missile attack as a core element of our
collective defense, which contributes to the indivisible security of our
Alliance. We will actively seek cooperation on missile defense with Russia and other
Euro-Atlantic partners.” As a defensive capability, BMD will be one element of
a broader response to the threat posed by the proliferation of ballistic
On June 24th, 2013 it was announced that NATO
with Thales-Raytheon JV to build and deploy a ballistic
missile defense system for the alliance’s air command and control system. The
project is expected to be completed by 2015.
6 Patriot PAC-3 Missile blocks are currently
in response to the instability in Syria.The request was
initiated over concerns that:
1) Syria's missiles and
long-range artillery are inaccurate and unreliable and one could potentially go
off course and land in Turkey
2) Syria could
intentionally launch missiles and artillery at Turkey
3) Syrian fighter jets
could threaten Turkish airspace.
On March 6th 2013, the first European theater
with the French/Italian surface-to-air missile
system. This system successfully engaged and destroyed a theater ballistic
missile target in a live-fire test at the French Firing Range in Biscarrosse
and proved its ability to work with NATO's interim Ballistic Missile Defense
(BMD) command and control system.
Updated February 13, 2014