not possess nuclear weapons, nor would be a threat even if it did. It did,
however, play important role in the negotiations about the Intermediate-range
Nuclear Forces Treaty between the USA and USSR in the late 1980’s when the former
Chancellor of West Germany unilaterally decided to dismantle all the Pershing
IA missiles after dismantling IRBMs of the USA and USSR.
an essential role in the joint development of Medium Extended Air Defense
Systems (MEADS) with the USA and Italy. MEADS International, with participating
Lockheed Martin and MBDA earned the selection to start making what would be
called the MEADS system, which would be run with a large amount of support from
MBDA Deutschland GmbH. After litigious protests by the losing companies, MEADS
garnered a definitive contract for $2 billion and € 1.4 billion. Since then,
the Italian and German Branches of MBDA started developing anti-missile systems
while the United States continued to bolster its own missile defense
Germany began developing a laser-based ground-mobile anti-missile system,
essentially made of a concentrated beam of infrared laser that can track
identify and destroy missiles. Tests run with the new laser, with technology
created and assembled in Germany, have proven its proficiency in taking down
missiles as far as 2km away. This same technology will be used in the future to
develop anti-IED and anti-artillery systems.
In December of 2013, Germany sent 240 soldiers to southern Turkey to operate the 2 Patriot missile batteries it provided to deter cross border airstrikes from Syria. Other Patriot battery units have been provided by the Netherlands and the US.
In 2011, with the American economy reeling in the wake of a debilitating
recession, many aspects of the budget came under increased scrutiny. Since the
2005 deal, the United States had been pursuing its own interests and technology
leads, all the while funding 58% of the MEADS program. Recently, the United
States decided it would stop its funding, as the program would not be utilized
as much as they had anticipated, and as the money was to be scarcer.
In response, Germany realized that it would have to fund the entirety of
the program nearly by itself, which by one estimate would leave them $400
million short. Germany has since been pressuring the United States government
to reverse spending cuts that would harm international missile defense
development, a reality that German officials say would have far-reaching
complications diplomatic and military.
Germany is equipped with PAC-3 Patriot missile batteries and a
40 kW Laser system (Spexer 2000 radar and MEOS II IR Optronics package for long range tracking).